Hello Friends. About 4500 years ago, a wonder was built in Egypt that continues to astonish people today. The Great Pyramid of Giza, built at a height of 147 meters, was the tallest thing ever built by humans.
For about four thousand years, such heavy stones were used to make it that the weight of this entire pyramid is said to be 6 million tons. Compare this with Burj Khalifa, the tallest building of today’s day, which weighs only five lakh tons.
Mysteries of the Pyramids of the Giza:
The most surprising thing here is how was it built. Because in those days people did not have any cranes, there were no bulldozers, there was no big technology. Even these people who didn’t even have wheels, they didn’t even have wheels but still, these people built such a monument which is standing today.
Think and see if a building remains for four thousand five hundred years, in such a burning heat, storms come, rains come, weathering happens. There is no such big and old thing in the world that has been able to survive to date.
So how did all this happen? Let’s understand friends, the secret of this pyramid is today in this video. The Great Pyramid is arguably, the most enigmatic structure on the face of the earth. Built around 2500 BC it is the tallest structure of the pyramids.
Friends, the more we go back in history, the more difficult it becomes to find out for sure what exactly happened.
How did it happen and when?
So it is estimated that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built by Pharaoh Khufu in the year 2560 BC. Pyramids,
The kings who used to be emperors in ancient Egypt, we call them Pharaoh. If we talk specifically about Pharaoh Khufu, then we do not know much about this king. Just know that he was the second king of the fourth dynasty of the old kingdom of Egypt.
Exactly for how many years he ruled, there is a lot of discussion on this, historians make some estimates. Some say twenty-three years, thirty-four years, and some even tell the time of more than 60 years.
This pyramid is located on the west bank of the Nile River and if you look at the photos and videos, you will see that it is not the only pyramid. There are two more pyramids that look like this. The same is made at the place.
The tallest of these three is the Great Pyramid of Giza, which we also call the Pyramids of Khufu, smaller than the Pyramids of Khafre, which is the second largest pyramid in Egypt.
It is said that Khafre built it and the third and smallest Pyramids is the pyramid of Menkaure. It is said to have been built by Khafre’s son. These are not the only monuments built in that era. Apart from this, there is the great sphinx, many more burial rooms, and many more small pyramids.
In total, it is said that there are 118 pyramids of different shapes and sizes. Many of these pyramids have become debris due to weathering, very few are left in good condition and probably the best well-preserved are these three pyramids. especially the Great Pyramid of Giza.
What was the reason behind making them, the same reason that was the reason behind making many other ancient monuments? It was built as a tomb. This is a tomb, their pharaohs are buried here inside the pyramid. What’s the matter friends, ancient Egyptians used to believe in an afterlife.
They believed that life does not end after death, but after death, our soul goes to the underworld where God judges our soul. Those who have done well live forever in this afterlife and prepare for this afterlife. When these kings of theirs were alive, they used to build tombs for themselves.
He used to keep a lot of food, treasure, jewelry, furniture, and clothes for himself inside the pyramid that would be useful in the afterlife. After their death, their bodies were mummified and buried in wooden or stone coffins. Now you will ask how we came to know that the pyramid was used for these things only.
There are two big reasons guys. Firstly, we have found articles written on similar and old pyramids. Texts have been found written on coffins like this and inside pyramids where it has been told what these people used to do.
Second, the majority of the historical pyramids that we have found in the countries of Egypt and Sudan were used as tombs, but because no substantial evidence of this pyramid was found, specifically inside the Great Pyramid of Giza, people used their alternative theories.
When the archeologists went inside this great pyramid, they found only three relics and an empty coffin. This coffin is believed to have belonged to Khufu and the rest of the treasure and jewelry were supposed to be nearby. It is assumed that in all these years someone looted it and took it away.
So those who disagree with this, their alternative theories are very strange, one very popular theory that is heard is that this great pyramid was a power plant that could generate electricity. Those who believe in it say that the ancient Egyptians were very technologically advanced.
Mysterious Egyptian pyramids read theory answers:
He had already learned to make electricity. What is told as evidence of this theory, their artworks of some old times are shown. Some artworks have been found on the walls of their old temples, seeing which some people conclude that the light bulb was made here, they had already invented the light bulb and do not know what after that. Has happened?
I was repeatedly told that such conspiracy theories tab is created when there is no substantial evidence about anything, but these conspiracy theories are often so strange that they do not make any logical sense. If the light bulb really existed in ancient Egyptian times, then why has no evidence of it been found to date?
Actually friends, this artwork actually shows the story of Egyptian mythology. Another popular theory is that this pyramid was actually a granary to store grains. It was a big store. This theory was proposed by American politician, Ben Carson in the year 1998.
According to him, this is his personal theory. These pyramids were actually built by the father of Jesus Christ.
Now here you can see friends, the second big reason for creating conspiracy theories is religious appeasement by politicians. So anyways this thing is quite clear today historians agree with each other that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a mausoleum.
At that time people believed that the more luxurious the tomb was, the more we kept treasure, keep things to eat. The better will be our king’s afterlife.
But now let’s come to the biggest question. How were these pyramids actually built? If seen in the true sense, friends, this is actually the most mysterious thing about these pyramids, how the people of that era erected a 147-meter-high building here, which was built with such huge stones.
The weight of these stones in itself ranges from two and a half tons to eighty tons, each stone has been cut in a fine manner, cut evenly when no cutting tool was present. Then how were these stones placed one on top of the other when these people were not even using wheels and they did all this within twenty years?
Friends, the time span is said to be twenty years only, as long as it took to build this great pyramid of Giza, many theories are told about it and this time I will not talk about conspiracy theories which are very strange.
But before talking about these theories, let’s see a big misconception that people have about these pyramids. It is often shown in films that slave labor was used while making these pyramids. Very poor servants were forced to work here day and night, whose boss used to beat them with ropes, used to beat them with hunters.
Remember, you must have seen this in some or the other film. For a long time, people used to think that these pyramids were built by slaves by Herodotus, a Greek historian living in the fifth century BC.
In total, about twenty to thirty thousand workers were engaged in its construction, working ten hours a day to build the Great Pyramid of Giza. Even today most people work for hours and hours to earn money and not for any king but to fulfill their dreams.
But many people forget that after earning money it is also important to put the money to work.
Talking about construction materials, about 5.5 million tonnes of limestone, 8000 tons of granite, and 5 lakh tons of mortar were used. Most of these stones came from the surrounding areas, maximum distance these houses came from the region of Egypt which was 800 kilometers away. Now the question is, how did these stones get thorned?
Copper was the most common metal used at that time. So the tools that were made were made of copper. The harder stones used to be granite, they were broken by using dolerite. Many of their methods were quite unique. As if they used to find cracks and holes inside the stones and with hammers they used to put wedges made of wood which were soaked inside the water.
Mysteries of the Pyramids:
As that stone absorbs water, these wedges would expand further and that stone would break. The biggest question has come to this, How were these stones moved? At that time wheels were not used in carts, so there was no vehicle-like machine that put wheels on the bottom, put stones on it, and moved away with it.
The most possible theory is that here to bring the stone from such a distance, they used to make rafts which used to float on the river. After that, when the stone came near the pyramid, they used sleds to keep one stone on top of the other in the wet soil.
This is a very interesting theory that I have come to know very recently. A study was done in 2014 and the basis of this theory is actually a painting that was found in djehutihotep tomb. This tool is much later, it is from 1900 BC. But in this painting, you can see about 170 people.
They are dragging a statue on a sled and using ropes to pull such a heavy thing. If you look carefully at this painting, you will see how a man is pouring water on the sand in front of the statue.
Initially, archeology thought that it would be a ritual, some tradition, pouring water in front of them, but when physicist Daniel Bonn and his team tested it, it was found that if a certain amount of water is present in the sand, then on the ground And the friction of the thing that rubs on the ground reduces to a great extent.
This ratio is very fine, about 2 to 5 percent water in sand, with its help it becomes very easy to drag things in wet sand. Now the next question arises here, You will ask, Okay, let’s agree that stones can be pushed from here to there in the sand.
But how can the stones be stacked on top of each other? Use machines without knowing how to lift such heavyweights at the end.
Now generally a system of police can be made to raise it but as I told you which did not exist during the wheel fourth dynasty in Egypt, used to exist but it was used only for portery. So the answer is, here friends, a very unique system of ramps has been made.
In the year 2015, a team of English and French archaeologists uncovered a 4500-year-old wooden ramp from a quarry, so scholars said that a ramp of this type must have been built at that time, which was a straight slope from ground to top.
To push the stones over this slope, they used a system where they buried wooden poles around. Then they used ropes around those sticks to pull that stone up. Something like this as you can see in the artwork, was suggested by physicist Joseph West in the year 2014.
According to this theory, after completing each level of the pyramid, these people must have made a new slope and so that the angle of the slope is not high, they must have taken the slope to the back, that is, starting the slope from the back so that it does not tilt too much in that slope.
Apart from this, another theory says that they must have used a system of levers to keep the stones on top of each other. See how it works in the drawings, basically took a middle point whose height was a little more, put a stick on top of it put some weight on the other side of the stick, and then rotated it and placed it on top.
Scholars believe that a similar system, which they have named shadoof, existed in Egypt for thousands of years. These people also used this mechanism to extract water from the Nile River to irrigate their fields.
Both these theories sound very good but the problem comes here at the construction time. We know that the pyramids were completed within twenty years, if twenty thousand people will transport stones here one by one in this way, then every three minutes one stone should be placed here on every single day of the year.
It seems quite unlikely that they would have worked with such speed here. Exactly this is the reason that till today this thing is a big mystery. Both these theories sound good but do not fully explain what exactly happened here.
We definitely know here that the first few layers of the pyramid were placed without any mortar, that is, without any thickener, but mortar was definitely added to the upper layers, due to which the stability of the structure increased This is the reason why many earthquakes have occurred in so many thousands of years, still this pyramid of Giza is standing till today.
By the way, even a mystery scientist definitely knows about this mortar, what is its exact chemistry? But the scientists could not recreate it. Finally construction of This last step, the outer layer of the pyramid was made of very fine whiteish limestone.
This means that whenever sunlight used to come here, all these pyramids would be shining very white. This is something that has been broken after so many thousands of years.
This outer layer has been warned off from the pyramids of Khufu and Menkaure, but you can still see a little bit of this layer at the top of the pyramid of Khafire. Now going beyond construction and coming to the design of these pyramids, this is also a very fascinating thing.
Do you know that these pyramids have been designed in such a way that their four directions are pointing exactly in North East South West? There is a very small error, here there is an error of 1 to 15 of 1 degree, which is a very small error.
Almost assume that they are pointing in all four directions in a very accurate manner. How can it be that there was no compass, no modern technology, and no GPS at that time? So once again the researchers have tried to give their theoretical explanations for how the Egyptians achieve such a high level of precision.
The Orion mystery unlocking the secrets of the pyramids:
One of the popular theories is about Autumn Equinox. When the tilt of the earth becomes in such a way that day and night are exactly equal. The shadow falling on the ground is in a straight line in East and West direction. If the Egyptians had used this method, then the degree of error that came in their calculations.
The same degree of error is also present in this shadow when the Autumn Equinox occurs. So the second theory is told here regarding constellations. Seeing the directions of the stars in the sky, the Egyptians aligned their designs here.
In 1989, Robert Bauval, an author and Egyptology enthusiast, created his own Orion correlation theory. He said that the three pyramids of Giza are actually aligned in the state line of the three stars of the Orion belt.
They say that the alignment was intentional and the ancient Egyptians knew about astronomy. He used to track the stars at night and study them.
Accordingly, he used to harvest some of his crops at certain different times. Historians believe that there is a fringe theory, whatever mainstream means by fringe.
Some points that are given against this theory are that the three pyramids were not planned at one time nor were they built at one time and in 1999 when astronomers actually tested this theory out and the stars of the Orion constellation On seeing, it came to know that the pyramids do not align exactly according to that and the thing is that actually the constellation that is there has been slightly shaken, after so many thousands of years, the alignment of the stars is not in the same way that we see today.
It is necessary to mention this theory here because it is a classic case where humans try to find patterns, even if patterns do not exist. When we don’t have concrete evidence of things and don’t have an exact explanation, then we make our own ideas and if we find a link anywhere, we accept it as true.
Take the same thing to a new level and exaggerate it, and then more strange theories emerge. People say that aliens have made these pyramids because it is not possible that humans would have done this. In my opinion, such strange theories go against scientific thinking.
This is a shortcut method just to find some solution in some way when we are not getting the solution. It is better that we acknowledge that we know these things and the things that we do not know, We should put them clearly in front so that the coming generations, archeologists, and historians, can do research on this thing, and there is no complete solution and explanation.
If you like more videos about these histories, then by clicking here you can watch videos on similar and mystery-related topics, See you in the next blog. Thank you very much.